HOME - Clinical cases - Oral Hygiene & Prevention
 
 
17 June 2022

Effect of lingual piercing on periodontal and peri-implant health

Lara Figini


The exact global prevalence of oral piercings is still not clear; however, according to Hennequin-Hoenderdos et al. 2012 the prevalence of peri and intraoral piercings is 5.2% in the general population. Specifically, there are several complications associated with tongue piercing including: trauma of the tongue and oral tissues, infections, edema, paraesthesia and scar tissue formation. Tongue piercing has also been associated with inflammation of the soft tissues (with increased plaque accumulation, gingival bleeding, loss of clinical attachment [CAL]) and marginal bone loss (MBL) around the teeth.


Materials and methods
In a recent study, published on the International Journal of Dental Hygiene in April 2022, the authors evaluated the influence of tongue piercing on periodontal and peri-implant health in adults. Individuals with and without lingual piercings were analyzed and divided into two groups. A questionnaire was used to collect information on gender, age, duration of the tongue piercing and the presence of implants in operation and their position in the arch, the motivation for wanted to put the piercing, the state of oral hygiene and piercing cleaning habits. Plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), clinical attachment loss (CAL), probing depth (PD), and marginal / crestal bone loss (MBL and CBL) were recorded and evaluated, respectively) on the mesial and distal surfaces of teeth / implants. Data was also collected on the type of piercing material (plastic or metal) and on their closure (ball or other). A p <0.01 was considered to be statistically significant.


Results
Forty-eight (15 male and 33 female) and 49 (19 male and 30 female) subjects were included in the test and control groups respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in the mean age of individuals in the test group (38.2 ± 0.5 years) and in the control group (37.5 ± 0.2 years). Twenty-three (47.9%) and 25 (52.1%) individuals wore ball piercings made of stainless steel and bioplastic, respectively, for a mean duration of 5.2 ± 0.4 years. All individuals in the test group reported having their piercings removed and cleaned. Twenty-two (44.9%) individuals in the control group and none in the test group were aware of the possible oral complications associated with tongue piercing. The most common reason reported for choosing to have a tongue piercing was "it looks elegant" and was reported by 25 (52.1%) individuals. Fourteen individuals (29.1%) gave no reason why they decided to have the tongue pierced and two women (4.2%) reported that the tongue piercing "reflected bravery". Twice-daily tooth brushing was reported by 39.6% and 53.1% of individuals in the test and control groups, respectively. Flossing at least once a week was reported by 32.7% of people in the control group. None of the individuals in the test group reported flossing. There was no difference in PI, GI, PD, CAL and MBL (mesial and distal) between individuals in the test and control group. In the test group, peri-implant PI (p <0.01), GI (p <0.01), PD (p <0.01) mesial (p <0.01) and distal (p <0.01) CBL were significantly higher in the anterior mandible than in the other parts of the maxilla. In the control group, there was no difference in PI, GI, peri-implant PD and CBL around the implants placed in both jaws.


Conclusions
From the data of this study, which must be confirmed in other similar studies, it can be concluded that tongue piercing can increase the risk of periodontal and peri-implant diseases, particularly in the anterior mandibular area.


Clinical implications
It is a duty of the dentist to educate patients in general, in particular those who wear intraoral piercings, of the deleterious effects of intraoral piercings on periodontal and peri-implant health.



For additional information: Effect of tongue piercing on periodontal and peri-implant health: A cross-sectional case-control study in adults

Related articles

An increasing number of adult patients are now seeking orthodontic treatment due to an increased focus of society on esthetics and health consciousness. With the incidence of periodontal problems...


An increasing number of adult patients are now seeking orthodontic treatment due to an increased focus of society on esthetics and health consciousness. With the incidence of periodontal problems...


As life expectancy continues, an increase in periodontal disease is also expected. In old patients, the concept of shortened or reduced dental arch (SDA) could offer options for solving these...


Today, it is widely accepted that the most common and important diseases of the oral cavity (gingivitis and periodontitis, dental caries and oral cancer) are...


Placement of dental implants in the correct tridimensional position produces good results that are maintained over time.  However, some esthetic alterations may occur in the hard and soft...


Read more

Resin composite materials, with their excellent mechanical properties and aesthetic properties, are now considered the materials of choice in dental restorations. In addition to direct fillings,...


Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common condition and the most prevalent form of sleep apnea. It is a growing threat to individuals and presents such dangerous health risks. Both sleep physicians...


The global market for dental implant abutment systems was forecast to grow at a CAGR of 7.54% across a forecast period of 2022 to 2026, according to a market analysis by ReportLinker. The uptick in...


USA     23 June 2022 - 30 November 0001

Make plans to attend the 2022 Florida Dental Convention!

The 2022 Florida Dental Convention (FDC) being held June 23-25 at the Gaylord Palms Resort & Convention Center in Orlando, FL is just days away!

Get ready for cutting-edge continuing education, new products and services, innovative technologies and so much more all under one roof. FDC2022 is excited to offer 130+ courses, 300+ leading dental...


 
 
 
 
 
 

Most popular

 
 

Events

 
 

Copyright © 2022 - All Rights Reserved
ISSN 2767-1178

Top