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10 January 2022

Inlay composite: which kind of luting cement do you have to choose?

Lara Figini

Resin composite materials, with their excellent mechanical properties and aesthetic properties, are now considered the materials of choice in dental restorations. In addition to direct fillings, composites are also indicated for indirect restorations, which differ from direct restorations in the method of polymerization that is performed in the laboratory, which causes a greater degree of monomer conversion and less shrinkage, thus limiting the volumetric shrinkage to the thin layer of concrete. The cementation process of indirect inlays is considered a critical step determining the longevity of the restoration itself. It may be difficult to choose the most appropriate resin cement to use. Resin cements can be classified, depending on the pretreatment of the tooth substrate and the treatment of the smear layer, into:

- etch-and-rinse,

- self-etch e

- self-adhesive.

Materials and methods
In a randomized clinical trial, to be published in the Journal of Dentistry in September 2021, the authors clinically evaluated the 5-year clinical performance of indirect composite inlays cemented with three different resin cement strategies in class II MODs. . This study was conducted following the CONSORT guidelines. Forty patients with three large cavities indicated for indirect MOD class II restorations were enrolled in the current study. Then, 120 indirect composite inlay restorations (SR Nexco) were placed and cemented with three different resin cement strategies (n = 40); an etch-and-rinse cement (Variolink N), a self-etch cement (Panavia F2.0) and a self-adhesive cement (RelyX Unicem). These restorations were evaluated at 1 week (baseline), and at 1, 3 and 5 years using modified USPHS criteria. Statistical analyzes were performed with the Wilcoxon and Friedman tests with significance level set at 0.05.

For all groups, no loss of restorative material or recurrence of caries was reported after 5 years of follow-up. In both the self-etch Panavia F2.0 group and the RelyX Unicem self-adhesive group the resin cements showed significant differences between the evaluation periods with regard to marginal discoloration and marginal adaptation (p = 0.03). At baseline, only in 8 cases belonging to the etch-and-rinse resin cement group (Variolink N) did post-operative sensitivity occur which was relieved after a short time (p = 0.04).

From the data from this in vitro study, which must be confirmed in other similar studies, it can be concluded that all three resin cement strategies tested show acceptable clinical performance after 5 years. However, the etch-and-rinse resin cement group showed improved clinical performance over time with regard to marginal discoloration and marginal adaptation over a follow-up period of 5 years.

Clinical implications
This study reveals that etch-and-rinse resin cement still has the best prognosis for adhesive cementation of indirect composite inlays.

For additional information: Indirect Resin Composite Inlays Cemented with a Self-adhesive, Self-etch or a Conventional Resin Cement Luting Agent: A 5 Years Prospective Clinical Evaluation

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