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06 March 2019

Hybrid Straightwire technique: a clinical case

Daniel Celli


Although there are various edgewise devices on the market, straightwire (SW) is definitely the most widespread due to its simplicity.
Within the various SW techniques, which differ from each other by design, prescription and slot size, self-ligating systems have gained popularity because they should bring benefits in terms of strength and friction.
The latter should be more efficient in some specific phases of orthodontic treatment: that of leveling and alignment and especially in that of closing spaces; the limitation of these self-ligating systems is represented by not achieving optimal three-dimensional control of the tooth, especially in the incisal region. To overcome this drawback, some authors have proposed a hybrid system or a two-dimensional system, which incorporates optimal sliding mechanics in the posterior region, while maintaining excellent three-dimensional control in the anterior region.

Based on these concepts, we have designed and developed a two-dimensional hybrid system to improve the efficiency of the straightwire technique; mainly the system consists of:

  • conventional brackets with a 0.020x0.030 "slot on the incisors, self-ligating passive brackets on the premolars (f1000) and tubes with a 0.022x0.030" slot in the molar region.
  • self-ligating brackets (f1000) or conventional brackets are used on canines depending on the need for treatment (plus or minus friction). 
  • bows that adapt to the different treatment phases, increasing their diameter and stiffness progressively, starting from 0.014 '' Nielts superelastic, going through the 0.016x0.025 '' and 0.019x0.025 '' NiTi thermal, up to 0.019 x0.025 '' in steel for the work phase with tiebacks.
  • Use of various types of ligatures which progressively increase their strength (unconventional low friction ligatures, elastomeric ligatures in the shape of '0' or '8', and metallic ones).

Thanks to the use of smaller slots in the incisal region (0.020x0.030 ''), less dispersion of third-order information is achieved and a reduction in the torque values ​​of the upper incisors, when compared with the MBT prescription (torque upper central incisor: 14º; upper lateral incisor torque: 7º) (Fig.1)

  • <p>Figure 1</p>

    Figure 1

As for the in-out dimension, we recommend using conventional and self-ligating brackets with correct in-out values. The choice of using a 0.020 '' instead of a 0.018 '' slot in the front region results from the decision to use a 0.019x0.025 '' steel for the closure of the spaces (work phase). Even if the difference is minimal, a steel wire 0.019x0.025 '' has less tendency to deformation and to the notch than a 0.018x0.022 ''; moreover, the stiffness of 0.019 * 0.025 '' in steel helps in sliding mechanics.It should also be remembered that most orthodontists use 0.019x0.025 '' in steel as an arch for closing spaces and end their cases with the same arch in 0.022 '' slots.
Therefore, the availability of a 0.020 '' slot allows the clinician, who routinely uses 0.019x0.025 '' arches, to achieve better control of the torque in the incisal region (fig. 2)

  • Figure 2

    Figure 2

A clinical case of the method is shown below: 
A 14-year-old female patient presents a class I malocclusion in permanent dentition.Good and aesthetic profile. In the intra-oral clinical examination, first class molars and canines are revealed, average crowding in both arches, normal overbite and overjet.
The periodontal tissue appears healthy. The right canine guide is missing. The lateral radiograph of the skull shows a normal mandibular plane angle and a class III tendency. The upper and lower incisors appear well positioned relative to the relative planes (+ 1 / ANS-PNS = 116º, -1 / GoGn = 88º) (Figures 3-7).        

  • Figure 3

    Figure 3

  • Figure 4

    Figure 4

  • Figure 5

    Figure 5

  • Figure 6

    Figure 6

  • Figure 7

    Figure 7

The treatment is summarized as follows: 
0.012 '' NiTi (1 month) in the upper arch;
0.014 '' NiTi (3 months) in the lower arch;
0.016 '' NiTi (2 months) in the upper arch;
0.016x0.025 '' NiTi thermal (2 months);
0.019x0.025 '' NiTi thermal (2 months);
0.020 '' Australian (1 month);
0.019x0.025 '' steel with tiebacks (6 months);
Finishing phase (6 weeks) according to the MBT technique (section from 0.018 '' Aus from 1.2 to 2.2 in the upper arch and continuous thread 0.014 '' NiTi in the lower arch). (Figures 8-12)

  • Figure 8

    Figure 8

  • Figure 9

    Figure 9

  • Figure 10

    Figure 10

  • Figure 11

    Figure 11

  • Figure 12

    Figure 12

After 14 months of treatment the patient maintains his harmonic profile; we reach a class I molar and canine with ideal overbite and overjet. The arches appear with good shape without open spaces and rotations. Periodontal health has been maintained. (Figures 13-16)

  • Figure 13

    Figure 13

  • Figure 14

    Figure 14

  • Figure 15

    Figure 15

  • Figure 16

    Figure 16

CONCLUSIONS 
Our equipment is strongly inspired by the versatility of the two-dimensional technique of A. Gianelly, to the sliding efficiency of the MBT mechanics that we recognize as S.W. mother, to the variable friction philosophies that from D. Damon have influenced multitudes of orthodontists and patients and to the Tweedian principles of 3D teeth control when this is required and indispensable. We ultimately sought a '' selection of the best '' available in science and orthodontic practice.
The results of years of clinical experience with our dual slot hybrid system confirm:

  • the achievement of excellent 3D control, easily obtainable with the use of traditional ligatures;
  • ability to control the clutch by the differentiated use of different progressively increasing binding systems;
  • possibility to make folds on the wire if necessary, thanks to the use of conventional front connections, although the use of a reduced slot of height at .020 and work threads .019x.025 S.S. they reduce the request;
  • excellent sliding mechanics thanks to the rigidity of the work threads .019x.025 S.S.
  • excellent incisal torque control thanks to the combination of reduced height slots and .19x.025 S.S.

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