The following clinical case presents complex aesthetic and functional case of sever deep bite with relapse of previous orthodontic treatment in childhood, combined with periodontic involvement. We used 3D technologies to scan, simulate, plan and treat the patient in very short time with predicted results and comfortable invisible orthodontic appliance (figs. 1, 2).
G.L., 51 years old patient, presented to the clinic with Class I malocclusion, deep bite with complete coverage of lower incisors, big median diastema between teeth #11 and #21, lack of interdental papilla and poor oral hygiene (figs. 3, 4).
Lower incisors erupted vertically and created 2 planes of occlusion and exaggerated curve of spee in the lower arch. The upper lip “pushed” the anterior incisors lingually and consequently the bite was deepened. Oral hygiene is poor mainly due to the crowding of the lower incisors. The upper diastema resulted in the loss of the interdental papilla between the central incisors (figs. 5, 6).
Patient had gone through previous orthodontic treatment with extraction of upper first premolars (#14, #24). Space between #11-#21 is slowly opened during the years and space start to develop distally to the upper lateral incisors. Lower incisors are hitting traumatically the palate creating proliferation of the epithelium and constant inflammation. Lower anterior crowding is around 4.5 mm (#33-#43) (figs. 7, 8).
Treatment was planned with Clincheck® Software of Invis- align® (Milano, Italia). 36 aligners were prescribed for 40 weeks (9 months). Patient was monitored every 2 months with photos, oral hygiene mechanical cleaning and periodontic examination. Lower teeth were proclined, upper and lower arches were slightly expanded and upper and lower anterior teeth were intruded to help opening the bite (fig. 9).
In this figure, patient during the Invisalign treatment. Note the perfect fit of the aligners due to correct planning and implementation of biomechanics rules together with very compliant patient (figs. 10, 11).
It is not every case that we consider a “life change”... this treatment for this patient was so important and the change we have achieved in his smile, function and aesthetics is dramatic not to speak on the fact that we have probably saved his teeth from further destraction (figs. 12-16).
Patient received fixed retainers for anterior teeth and re- movable clear aligners for night wear.
In summary, careful treatment planning, with advanced accurate and predictable 3D clear aligners’ technology enable us to bring this complex case into completion in less than 9 months.
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Authors: G. Mergoni, I. Giovannacci, G. Giunta, G. Ghidini, M. Meleti, M. Manfredi, P. Vescovi
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